• April 19, 2016
The Surface-Web

The Deep-Web

The Dark-Web


What does it all mean?


Differences of a Surface Web Search vs. a Deep Web Search

The Surface Web is what you and I search each and every day, but there is much more out there than the websites, news sites, and social media.  That’s like date one, ALL SURFACE, whats behind the mystery…what is the World-Wide-Web not showing us. Let’s get down to it and figure out what these hackers and interesting peeps are talking about when they talk Dark-web and Deep-web… and how do you access it, and should you.

The Deep-Web is anything that a search engine can’t find:

The Deep-Web is easier to explain as an example, if you wanted to locate a hotel and rates you wouldn’t search Google.  You need to go deeper into the web, known as the Deep-Web.  You would use a specific site, like Price-line, TripAdvisor, or alike to gather your information.  A search engine can only produce links to press, however sites like Price-line, TripAdvisor, Kayak…as examples use search boxes to filter results.  Investigative tools and utilities also use search boxes to filter out data.  So the big difference is, SEARCH FILTERING is taking place at the website you are using to obtain data from.

Other examples would be specific search websites, like Court Records, Property Records, etc.  Google, Bing, and Yahoo can’t find the pages behind these websites.  Most of the content located in the Deep-Web exists in these websites that require a search utility and it’s not illicit.  The data is there, but you physically can’t search and you don’t know where to search for that information for it to be available.  Unless you were using an investigative tool or web browser, like Tor Onion.  So various investigative tools might assist an investigator to gather data ‘legally’, where others don’t know how.  Allowing investigators to access the “Deep-Web” by allowing keyword with filter searching.
deep web image

If you go a little deeper, you’ll find the Dark Web.

The Dark-Web is a small portion of the Deep Web that has been intentionally hidden and is inaccessible through standard browsers.

It can ONLY be accessed using a special browser.  The most famous content residing on the Dark Web is found in the TOR network. The TOR network is an anonymous network, an implementation of onion routing, which encrypts and then randomly bounces communications through a network of relays.  This is the portion of the Internet most widely known for illicit activities because of the anonymity associated.  You have all heard of an IP address and that IP address is a breadcrumb to your ISP (Internet Service Provider).  So when you surf the web, the device you are using is issued an IP address.  Normal investigative means allows investigators to track that down and with the assistance of an attorney you can serve process on the ISP to obtain the name and address to the IP address that ISP issued to that customer.  HOWEVER, using the Dark-Web hides that original IP address by randomly bouncing your communication.

In February of 2017 the very well known “Anonymous” strikes again… taking down approximately 20 percent of the dark web, which was FULL of child porn!! Anonymous successfully cracked a system thought to be protected by relatively sophisticated barriers.  Freedom Hosting II servers hosts many dark web sites.  A message from “Anonymous” read… “We have a zero-tolerance policy for child pornography; all your files have been copied and your database has been dumped.”

As you can see… some White-Hat hacking and obvious actions like these are great examples of respectable hacking!



Did someone remove something trying to hide their tracks…it’s time to hit the web archive.

The Web Archive stores billions of web pages since 1996…last checked close to 470 billion. In 2014 the Web Archive had over nine petabytes of data.  The Web Archive can help with investigations, research, or to just go back in time and get a good laugh at an old websites technology.   Example:  If you want to see someone’s Facebook account but they recently made it inactive.  Just use the web archive to locate the webpage months or years prior.  The saying, whatever you upload to the web is always in the web has new meaning when you visit and understand what the Web Archive can do for you.


© 2018, Darren L. Epstein, PI.   ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, NOT TO BE COPIED

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to [Darren L. Epstein] and [Counter-Intelligence.com] with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

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